Pavel Pepperstein (b. 1966) is a Russian artist, writer, rapper and art theorist. He was born in Moscow in the family of Viktor Pivovarov, Russian conceptual artist, and Irina Pivovarova, Russian children's author and illustrator. From 1985 to 1987 he studied at The Academy of Fine Arts in Prague. In 1987 he co-founded the experimental group of artists called Inspection Medical Hermeneutics (with Sergey Anufriev, Yuri Liederman and Vladimir Fedorov). The ideology of Medical Hermeneutics was the fusion of incompatible descriptive language, from contemporary western philosophy and Orthodox theology, Daoism and Buddhism to the language of psychiatry and pharmacology, which created a completely unique manner of expression. Since 1989 Pepperstein has been an independent artist, writer, critic, art theorist and rap musician. His work is a continuation of the tradition started by the Moscow Conceptual School. In 2009 Pepperstein represented Russia at the Venice Biennale where his installation Landscapes of the Future was widely acclaimed and received numerous outstanding reviews from critics. Pepperstein’s various articles on the problems presented by contemporary art have been published both at home and abroad. Pepperstein is well-known as a critic, art theorist and author. His published writings include 'Old Man’s Diet' (1997), 'Mythogenic Love of Castes' (1999), 'Spring' (2010), and 'Prague Night' (2011).